Laboratoire Léon Brillouin

UMR12 CEA-CNRS, Bât. 563 CEA Saclay

91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France


BD diffusons les neutrons

Events:  Call for contribution - colloquium 7 "Exploring liquid properties in confined geometry" CMD29



Probing sub-millimeter dynamic to access static shear elasticity from polymer melts to molecular fluids”, L. Noirez (2019), Encyclopedia of Polymers and Composites" © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020, Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series, S. Palsule (Editor) DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-37179-0_54-2.


CNRS Research Director at the Laboratoire Léon Brillouin (CEA-CNRS)

The Laboratoire Léon Brillouin is the French Neutron Facility. Neutron scattering is a unique tool to probe condensed matter and to reveal structure and dynamics properties at the molecular scale.

Publications scientifiques

Publications récentes dans la base HAL-CEA-CNRS.

> 150 publications

Selected papers :


Page de garde du journal (choisie par l’Editeur) illustrant la propagation de l’onde thermique émise par le liquide (PPG) sous contrainte oscllante de cisaillement.

 “UNIVERSAL G' L-3 LAW FOR THE LOW-FREQUENCY SHEAR MODULUS OF CONFINED LIQUIDS A. Zaccone* & L. Noirez*, J. Phys. Chem. Lett.12 (1):650-657 (2021)

 “HUMAN BLOOD PLASMA IN CAPILLARY-SIZE FLOW: REVEALING HIDDEN ELASTICITY AND SCALE DEPENDENCE”, U. Windberger, P. Baroni L. Noirez*, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Part A, (2021)

Strain-Induced Violation of Temperature Uniformity in Mesoscale Liquids², E. Kume, P. Baroni, L. Noirez*, Scientific Reports 10 (2020) 13340.

Unexpected Thermo-Elastic effects in Liquid Glycerol by Mechanical Deformation E. Kume, A. Zaccone, L. Noirez*, Physics of Fluids, 33, 072007 (2021)

Highlighting Thermo-Elastic effects in Confined Fluids, E. Kume, P. Baroni, L. Noirez*, Polymers 13, 2378 (2021)

 “Neutron imaging of liquid-liquid systems containing paramagnetic salt solutions” T.A.. Butcher, G. J. M. Formon, P. Dunne, T. M. Hermans, F. Ott, L. Noirez, and J. M. D. Coey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 022405 (2020)

"Exploring “Dormant” Opto-Mechanical Properties of the Isotropic Phase of Liquid Crystals and Revealing Hidden Elasticity of (Ordinary) Liquids", L. Noirez, P. Kahl, Fluids 2018, 3, 43 (Review);

 “Identification of thermal shear bands in a low molecular weight polymer melt under oscillatory strain field”, L. Noirez, P. Baroni, J. of Colloid and Surf. 296(4) (2018) 713-720.

“Importance of interfacial interactions to access shear elasticity of liquids and understand flow induced birefringence from liquid crystals to worm-like micellar solutions”, L. Noirez, Oil & Gas Science and Technology – Rev. IFP Energies Nouvelles 10 (2017) 10. 

Highlighting Non-uniform temperatures close to Liquid/Solid Surfaces”,
L. Noirez, P. Baroni, J.F. Bardeau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110 (2017) 213904.

From Flow Birefringence in Liquid Crystals to the identification of shear elasticity in liquids”,
P. Kahl, L. Noirez, sur invitation, Liquid Crystals Reviews, 4 (2) (2017) 135–151.

“Highlighting liquid water trapped in neolithic chassey flints using neutron scattering”, P. Sciau, N. Ratel-Ramond, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Journal of Physics: 746 (2016) 012067. 

“Highlighting delayed elastic processes at zero stress in a polymer glass”,
S. Mbarek, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Polym. Inter, 64 (2015) 1303.

“Harmonic strain-optical response revealed in the isotropic (liquid) phase of liquid crystals”
P. Kahl, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107 (2015) 84101.

“Bringing to Light Hidden Elasticity in the Liquid State using in-situ pretransitional liquid crystal swarms
P. Kahl, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Plos One (2016).

“Microstructure and concentration fluctuations in alcohol–Toluene and alcohol-Cyclohexane binary liquids: A small angle neutron scattering study”,
JR. Mhanna, R. Lefort, L. Noirez, D. Morineau, J. of Mol. Liquids 218 (2016) 198–207.

“A journey through the phase diagram of a pharmaceutically relevant microemulsion system”,
L. Chiappisi, L. Noirez, M. Gradzielski, J. of Colloid and Interface Science, 473 (2016)
52. L. Chiappisi, Prix Allemand de Recherche en Chimie 2016.

Hidden solidlike properties in the isotropic phase of the 8CB liquid crystal”,
P. Kahl, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Phys. Rev. E 88 (2013) 50501.

 “Highlighting a Cooling Regime in Liquids under Submillimeter Flows”,
Patrick Baroni, Patrice Bouchet,and Laurence Noirez, J. of Phys. Chem. Letters. 4 (2013) 2026−2029

 “What Happens to Polymer Chains Confined in Rigid  Cylindrical Inorganic (AAO) Nanopores »
L. Noirez,, C. Stillings, J.-F. Bardeau, M. Steinhart, S. Schlitt, J. H. Wendorff, and G. Pépy, Macromol. 46 (2013) 4932.

 Highlighting a Solid-Like Behavior in RTILs: Trioctylmethylammonium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide TOMATFSI”,
H. Mendil-Jakani, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, L. Chancelier, G. Gebel, J. of Phys. Chem. Letters. 4 (2013) 3775.


"Identification of a low-frequency elastic behaviour in liquid water" L. Noirez and P. Baroni, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 24 (2012) 372101.

 “Identification of Low Frequency Shear elasticity in Liquids n-Heptadecane, Liquid Water and RT-Ionic Liquids [emim]5Tf2N], 
L. Noirez, P. Baroni, H. Cao, J. Mol. Liq. 116 (2012) 18990.

"Structure and Phase Behavior of a Discotic Columnar Liquid Crystal Confined in Nanochannels"
C.  Cerclier, M. Ndao, R. Busselez, R. Lefort, E. Grelet, P. Huber, A. Kityk, L. Noirez, A. Schoenhals, D. Morineau, J. of Phys. Chem. C.136 (2012) 140505.

 “Richness of Side-Chain Liquid-Crystal Polymers: From Isotropic Phase towards the Identification of Neglected Solid-Like Properties in Liquids
Laurence Noirez, Hakima Mendil-Jakani, Patrick Baroni and Joachim H. Wendorff, Polymers  4(2) (2012) 1109, invited article in the special Issue Liquid Crystalline Polymers. P. Keller Ed.

 “Identification of finite shear-elasticity in the liquid state of molecular (OTP) and polymeric glass formers (PBuA)”
L. Noirez, H. Mendil-Jakani, P. Baroni, Philosophical Magazine  91 (2011) 1977-1986.

“Revealing the solid-like nature of Glycerol at ambient temperature”
L. Noirez, P. Baroni, J. of Molecular Structure, 972 (2010) 16. (PDF reprint)

 “Two-dimensional Neutron Scattering in a Floating Heavy Water Bridge”,
E.C. Fuchs, P. Baroni, B. Bitschnau, L. Noirez, J. of Physics D: Appl. Phys, 43 (2010) 105502.

 “Self-assembly of an amyloid peptide fragment–PEG conjugate: lyotropic phase formation and influence of PEG crystallization”,
V. Castelletto, G. E. Newby, D. Hermida Merino, I. W. Hamley, D. Liu and L. Noirez, Polym. Chem. 1 (2010) 453

"Self-Assembly of Two-component gels: stoichiometric control and component selection",
A.R. Hirst, J.F. Miravet, B. Escudet, L. Noirez, V. Castelletto, I.W. Hamley, D.K. Smith, Chem. Eur. J 15 (2009) 372.

"Shear-induced isotropic to nematic transition of liquid-crystal polymers: identification of gap thickness and slipping effects"
H. Mendil-Jakani, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Langmuir 25 (2009) 5248.

 "Chain conformation, Wall slippage and shear banding in low molecular weight molten polymers under flow"
L. Noirez, H. Mendil-Jakani, P. Baroni, Macromol. Rapid Commun. 30 (2009) 1709.

"The missing parameter in rheology : Hidden Solid-like Correlations in Liquid Polymers and Glass Formers",
L. Noirez, P. Baroni, H. Mendil-Jakani, Polymer International 58 (2009) 962. (PDF reprint)

"Orientational ordering in the nematic phase of a polyethylene glycol-peptide conjugate in aqueous solution",
I.W. Hamley, M.J. Krysmann, G.E. Newby, V. Castelletto, L. Noirez, Phys. Rev. E 77 (2008) 62901.

"Multiple Lyotropic Polymorphism of a Poly(ethylene glycol)-peptide conjugate in aqueous solution",
I.W. Hamley, M.J. Krysmann, V. Castelletto, L. Noirez, Adv. Mat. 20 (2008) 4384.

"Pressure Effects Revealed by Small Angle Neutron Scattering on Block Copolymer Gels."
V. Castelletto, G. E. Newby, I. W. Hamley, L. Noirez, P. Baroni, Langmuir 24 (2008) 8319.

"Rich polymorphism of a rod-like liquid crystal (8CB) confined in two types of unidirectional nanopores"
R. Guégan, D. Morineau, R. Lefort, W. Béziel, M. Guendouz, L. Noirez, A. Henschel and P. Huber, Eur. Phys. J. E 26, 261-273 (2008)

"Nematic and Columnar Ordering of a PEG-Peptide Conjugate in Aqueous Solution"
Hamley IW, Krysmann MJ, Kelarakis A, Castelletto V, Noirez L, Hule RA, Pochan DJ, CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL  14 (2008) 11268.

 "Nematic and Columnar Ordering of a PEG-Peptide Conjugate in Aqueous Solution", Hamley IW, Krysmann MJ, Kelarakis A, Castelletto V,Noirez L, Hule RA, Pochan DJ, Chemistry A European Journal 14 (2008) 11369.

"Comments on Frozen states in the Isotropic phase of Liquid-Crystal Polymers",
H. Mendil, I. Grillo, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (2007) 249802.

"New developments for 2D High Resolution Neutron Scattering Experiments. Application case & experimental from crystals to polymer science",
P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Neutron News 18 (2007) 3243111.

"Two dimensional neutron scattering study of the bulk microstructure of polytetrafluoroethylene under uniaxial stress"
 L. Noirez, P. Baroni, Applied Physics Letters 90 (2007) 243111.

"Structural Study of BSA/Poly(ethylene glycol) Lipid Conjugate Complexes"
V. Castelletto, M. J. Krysmann, L. A. Clifton, J. Lambourne, L. Noirez, J. Phys. Chem. B, 111 38 (2007) 11330.

"Director Orientation of Nematic Sid'-Chain liquid Crystalline Polymers Under Shear Flow: Comparison of a Flow-Aligning and a non-Flow Aligning Polysiloxane",
H. Siebert, I. Quirjada-Garrido, J. Vermant, L. Noirez, C. Schmidt, Macromol. Chem. Phys. 208 (2007) 2161.

"Shear Induced Order in Nematic Polymers",
P. Becker, H. Siebert, L. Noirez, C. Schmidt,  Macromolecular Symposia, 220 (2005) 111.

"Structural investigation of the pressure induced effects in liquid crystals"
L. Noirez, G. Pépy, P. Baroni, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17 (2005) 1.

"What is at the origin of the shear induced transitions", L. Noirez, Phys. Rev. E, 72 (2005) 051701

"Identification of a Gel-like Behavior in Side-Chain liquid Crystal Polymers",
H. Mendil, L. Noirez, Macromol. Symp. 222 (2005) 143.

"Unexpected Giant Elasticity in PLCs: correlation with shear induced phase transitions",
H. Mendil, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Europhys. Lett. 72 (2005) 983.

"Solid-like rheological response of non-entangled polymers in the molten state",
H. Mendil, P. Baroni, L. Noirez,  Euro. Phys. J. E,  FOCUS POINT 19 (2006) 77.

Commentaires issus de la discussion de l'article ci-dessus:

"Commentary on "Solid-like rheological response of non-entangled polymers in the molten state" by D. Collin & P. Martinoty

"Commentary on rheology of polymers in narrow gaps"  by G. McKenna

"Commentary on the observations of solid-like rheological response in unentangled polymer melts by D. Vlassopoulos

"Reply to the Commentary by D. Collin & P. Martinoty",
H. Mendil, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Eur. Phys. E 19 (2006) 99.

"Frozen states in the Isotropic phase of Liquid-Crystal Polymers",
H. Mendil, I. Grillo, P. Baroni, L. Noirez, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 (2006) 077801.

"Observation of shear-induced nematic±isotropic transition in side-chain liquid crystal polymers"
C. Pujolle-Robic and L. Noirez, Nature 409 (2001) 167. (PDF Reprint).


Ouvrages (base publiCEA)


"Complex Melts under Extreme Conditions: from Liquid Crystal to Polymers. The Key-role of the Scattering methods for flow and pressure investigations." L. Noirez,

Volume 3/4 "Neutron and X-Ray Scattering" du livre "Soft Matter: Scattering, Imaging and Manipulation", Soft-Matter Characterization, Borsali, Redouane; Pecora, Robert (Eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2008 ISBN: 978-1-4020-4465-6

"Dispositif innovant pour mesurer les propriétés viscoélastiques des matériaux", P. Baroni, L. Noirez, les Techniques de l’Ingénieur, Editions T.I. RE145-1 (2010).

"Novel strategies to probe the fluid properties and revealing its hidden elasticity", L. Noirez, Chapître 6 de "Applied Scanning Probe Method² Nanoscience & Technology, publié par Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, B. Bhushan Editor. 2009 ISBN: 978-3-642-03534-0.


Dépôt de brevets et licence d'exploitation

"Détecteur 2-D pour Rayonnement Neutrons." P. Baroni & L. Noirez, n°0502379 du 24/03/2005 - PCT.
Voir aussi la page technologique : "Détecteur de neutrons 2-D".Licence exclusive pour l’exploitation du brevet "Détecteur 2-D pour Rayonnement Neutrons² achetée par la Société MAATEL-Scientific Instrumentation  en Janvier 2010 – Commercialisation des modèles portables et fixes via ARINAX (

"Méthode de détermination des propriétés dynamiques d'un matériau fluide ou solide déformable."
P. Baroni, H. Mendil & L. Noirez, n°0510988 du 27/11/2005 - Brevet PCT.

« Nouveau Procédé et Dispositif de production du froid »
P. Baroni, L. Noirez et P. Bouchet, Brevet d’invention 2013 avec extension PCT, CNRS: DI 05815-01 FR12.


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