Laboratoire Léon Brillouin

UMR12 CEA-CNRS, Bât. 563 CEA Saclay

91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France

+33-169085241 llb-sec@cea.fr

BD diffusons les neutrons

16 février 2021
Universal G′ ∼ L–3 Law for the Low-Frequency Shear Modulus of Confined Liquids
logo_tutelle logo_tutelle 
Universal G′ ∼ L–3 Law for the Low-Frequency Shear Modulus of Confined Liquids

Confined liquid between the two surfaces of a rheometer

Alessio Zaccone and Laurence Noirez

Liquids confined to sub-millimeter scales have remained poorly understood. One of the most striking effects is the large elasticity revealed using good wetting conditions, which grows upon further decreasing the confinement length, L. These systems display a low-frequency shear modulus in the order of 1–103 Pa, contrary to our everyday experience of liquids as bodies with a zero low-frequency shear modulus. While early experimental evidence of this effect was met with skepticism and abandoned, further experimental results and, most recently, a new atomistic theoretical framework have confirmed that liquids indeed possess a finite low-frequency shear modulus G′, which scales with the inverse cubic power of confinement length L. We show that this law is universal and valid for a wide range of materials (liquid water, glycerol, ionic liquids, non-entangled polymer liquids, isotropic liquids crystals). Open questions and potential applications in microfluidics mechanochemistry, energy, and other fields are highlighted.

http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c02953

 
#3323 - Màj : 25/02/2021

Retour en haut